Saturday, October 06, 2012

My Commentary On Daniel Part Three

Commentary on Daniel Part 3

Daniel 3:1-30 NIV

The Image of Gold and the Fiery Furnace

King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, ninety feet high and nine feet wide, and set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon. 2 He then summoned the satraps, prefects, governors, advisers, treasurers, judges, magistrates and all the other provincial officials to come to the dedication of the image he had set up. 3 So the satraps, prefects, governors, advisers, treasurers, judges, magistrates and all the other provincial officials assembled for the dedication of the image that King Nebuchadnezzar had set up, and they stood before it.
4 Then the herald loudly proclaimed, "This is what you are commanded to do, O peoples, nations and men of every language: 5 As soon as you hear the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipes and all kinds of music, you must fall down and worship the image of gold that King Nebuchadnezzar has set up. 6 Whoever does not fall down and worship will immediately be thrown into a blazing furnace.
7 Therefore, as soon as they heard the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp and all kinds of music, all the peoples, nations and men of every language fell down and worshipped the image of gold that King Nebuchadnezzar had set up.
8 At this time some astrologers came forward and denounced the Jews. 9 They said to King Nebuchadnezzar, "O king live forever!" 10 You have issued a decree, O king, that everyone who hears the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipes and all kinds of music must fall down and worship the image of gold, 11 and that whoever does not fall down and worship will be thrown into a blazing furnace. 12 But there are some Jews whom you have set over the affairs of the province of Babylon---Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego---who pay no attention to you, O king. They neither serve your gods nor worship the image of gold you have set up."
13 Furious with rage, Nebuchadnezzar summoned Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego. So these men were brought before the king, 14 and Nebuchadnezzar said to them, "Is it true, Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, that you do not serve my gods or worship the image of gold I have set up? 15 Now when you hear the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipes and all kinds of music, if you are ready to fall down and worship the image I made, very good. But if you do not worship it, you will be thrown immediately into a blazing furnace. Then what god will be able to rescue you from my hand?"
16 Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego replied to the king, "O Nebuchadnezzar, we do not need to defend ourselves before you in this matter. 17 If we are thrown into the blazing furnace, the God we serve is able to save us from it, and he will rescue us from your hand, O king. 18 But even if he does not, we want you to know, O king, that we will not serve your gods or the image of gold that you have set up."
19 Then Nebuchadnezzar was furious with Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, and his attitude toward them changed. He ordered the furnace heated seven times hotter than usual 20 and commanded some of the strongest soldiers in his army to tie up Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego and throw them into the blazing furnace. 21 So these men, wearing their robes, trousers, turbans and other clothes, were bound and thrown into the blazing furnace. 22 The king's command was so urgent and the furnace was so hot that the flames of the fire killed the soldiers who took up Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, 23 and these three men, firmly tied, fell into the blazing furnace.
24 Then King Nebuchadnezzar leaped to his feet in amazement and asked his advisers, "Weren't there three men that we tied up and threw into the fire?"
They replied, "Certainly, O king." 25 He said, "Look! I see four men walking around in the fire, unbound and unharmed, and the fourth looks like the son of the gods."
26 Nebuchadnezzar then approached the opening of the blazing furnace and shouted, "Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, servants of the Most High God, come out! Come here!"
So Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego came out of the fire, 27 and the satraps, prefects, governors and royal advisers crowded around them. They saw that the fire had not harmed their bodies, nor was a hair of their head singed; their robes were not scorched, and there was no smell of fire on them.
28 Then Nebuchadnezzar said, "Praise be to the God of Shadrach, Mashach and Abednego, who has sent his angel and rescued his servants! They trusted in him and defied the king's command and were willing to give up their lives rather than serve or worship any god except their own God. 29 Therefore I decree that the people of any nation or language who say anything against the God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego be cut into pieces and their houses turned into piles of rubble, for no other god can save in this way."
30 Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego in the province of Babylon.
Works Cited
All biblical quotes are the NIV unless otherwise noted.
Thompson Chain Reference: New International Version. Ed. Frank Charles Thompson et al. Grand Rapids:B.B. Kirkbride Bible Company , Inc. Zondervan P. 1983 
Aharoni, Ada, et al.Encyclopedia of Jewish History: Events and Eras of the Jewish People.New York: Facts on File P. 1986
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Anderson, Robert.Daniel: Signs and Wonders. Grand Rapids: WM. B. Eerdmans P.1984
Baldwin, Joyce. Daniel: AN INTRODUCTION AND COMMENTARY. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press 1978
Beale G.K., and D.A. Carson, eds.Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament.Grand Rapids: Baker Academic P. 2007
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Campbell, Donald. Daniel: God's Man in a Secular Society. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Discovery House P. 1988
Collins, John.The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature.2nd ed. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans P. 1998 Collins, John. Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora.New York: Crossroad P. 1983.
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Craven, Toni.  COLLEGEVILL BIBLE COMMENTARY: 16 OLD TESTAMENT: EZEKIEL & DANIEL. Collegeville: THE LITERGICAL P. 1986 Davis, Craig.Dating the Old Testament.New York: RJ Communications P. 2007
deSilva, David.Introducing the Apocrypha: Message, Context, and Significance "Foreword by James Charlesworth".Grand Rapids: Bakers Academic P. 2002
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Gibson, Shimon. The Cave of John the Baptist: The Stunning Archeological Discovery that has Redefined Christian History. New York: Doubleday P. 2004
Goldengay, John.Word Biblical Themes: Daniel.Eds. David Hubbard., John Watts., and Ralph Martin. Dallas: Word P. 1989
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MacArthur, John.Daniel: God's Control Over Rulers of Nations. Ed. Len Woods. Nashville: W Publishing Group P. 2000 Maclaren, Alexander.Expositions of Holy Scripture: St. Matthew Chapters IX to XVII Volume VII.Grand Rapids: WM. B. Eerdmans P. 1942
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Showers, Renald. The Most High God: A Commentary on the Book of Daniel. West Collingswood: The Friends of Israel Gospel Ministry P. 1982
Strong, James. The New Strong's Complete Dictionary of Bible Words "Intrduction by John Kohlenberger".Nashville: Thomas Nelson P. 1996
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Swindoll, Charles., and Gary Matlock.Ezra through Daniel Volume Two: Bible Study Guide. Anaheim: Insight for Living P. 1996
Swindoll, Charles. Daniel: God's Pattern for the Future: Bible Study Guide. Eds. Bill Watkins., and Bill Butterworth. Fullerton: Insight for Living P. 1986
Thiele, Edwin. The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings:New Revised Edition.Grand Rapids: Zondervan P. 1983
The Torah and Commentary: Travel-Size Edition.Trans. English: the Jewish Publication Society. Ed. David Lieber, et al. The Rabbinical Assembly P. 2004
Vine W.E., et al.Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words: With Topical Index. Nashville: Thomas Nelson P. 1996
Walvoord, John.Daniel: The Key to Prophetic Revelation. Chicago: Moody Press P. 1989 Whiston, William. Josephus The Complete Works: Translated by William Whiston. Nashville: Thomas Nelson P. 1998
Whitcomb, John.Daniel: Everyman's Bible Commentary. Chicago: Mood Press P. 1985 
Wood, Leon. A Commentary on Daniel. Grand Rapids: Zondervan P. 1973  

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